Types of Eco Label
||The Carbon Trust: UK.
A carbon label such as this one will tell you the
embodied carbon associated with a
given unit of the product you are buying.
||FSC (Forestry Stewardship Council):
International More Info
You may find this tree shaped logo on paper or wood products.
MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) Ensures the
sustainability of fish stocks, fish with depleted stocks are removed
from the MSC "list" and put back on when their stocks recover.
Which supermarket has the most MSC labels?
Recycle: Probably one of the most
vague and confusing green labels there is, and has also been around the
longest. The label pictured actually tells you why it beers the symbol,
most don't. Finally though the UK has decided to revamp it labelling
scheme in to three categories.
EPD (Environmental Product
Declaration): A European Labelling System - "The international EPD®
system has the ambition to help and support organisations to
communicate the environmental performance of their products (goods and
services) in a credible and understandable way."
This Label has much lower certification costs than the Carbon Trusts
Label. But as you can see is not quantitative, the logo is backed up by
a PRC (Product Category Rules) which are a report of the efforts being
made to "green" the product, for instance switching to an organic ink
for label printing etc. For an example PRC
||The European Union Ecolabel -
also known as the Flower - is a flower symbol which can be used by goods
and services which have a lighter environmental footprint than similar
products performing the same function.
There is a good body of
eco label legislation to support the eco flower label,
more info here
Again this is an un quantitative label. It is featured highly on the
DEFRA website, and has become
quite successful in the UK.
||The Seedling Label - Shows that
the plastic used in a products packaging is bio degradable, the
packaging can be made from vegetable based products (maze starch, wood
pulp), or from fossil fuels. Sainsbury's, uses the most bio-plastcis.
||Nurture - Since its launch,
15,000 growers across 70 countries have become part of this programme,
which focuses on good agricultural practice.
Nurture is committed to producing top-quality fruit and
vegetables, and supporting environment-friendly production by reducing
energy usage, rationalising use of pesticides, recycling and improving
The Nurture label goes along way to address the problems associated with
sustainability in Tesco's supply
The Carbon trust have released a quantitative,
labelling system, which looks at the Life Cycle (for more info look at
LCA on Wikipedia) of a product and numerically displays the carbon used
to produce each unit, whether it be a jar of curry paste or an apple.
These websites list further examples:
National Green Labelling Programmes
Big List of Eco Labels